Georgia Trucking Regulations

Georgia’s roadways are busy with commercial truck traffic, and they’re governed by strict regulations to ensure the safety of all drivers. Both state and federal regulations come into play for commercial trucks. Truck companies operating within Georgia must comply with state laws, but if their trucks cross state lines they’re also subject to a complex set of federal regulations aimed at maintaining safety standards nationwide.

The Savannah truck accident attorneys want to remind truck drivers and their companies it is essential that they adhere strictly to these regulations in order to protect themselves and other road users. If they fail to do so and cause an accident, they can be held civilly liable.

Commonly Violated Trucking Regulations

For individuals injured in an accident with a commercial truck, knowing which regulations are commonly violated can be significant. This knowledge plays a crucial role in determining liability and understanding the factors contributing to the crash.  Some of these most common ones include:

Hours of Service

The Hours of Service regulations mandate strict limits to when and how long truck drivers may operate their vehicles. These rules are in place mainly to prevent driver fatigue, a common and dangerous contributory factor in many accidents. They include:

11-Hour Driving Limit

According to this federal regulation, a truck driver is allowed to drive up for 11 hours consecutively but only after taking 10 consecutive hours off duty.

14-Hour Limit

Drivers cannot work beyond a total of 14 consecutive hours after reporting for their shift. Those fourteen hours must be taken following a rest break of at least ten consecutive hours off-duty.

This 14-hour window cannot be extended, meaning that any breaks or off-duty time within this period does not extend the 14-hour limit. Once this period is reached, the driver must be off duty for another 10 consecutive hours.

60/70-Hour Limit

Truck drivers are further restricted by the total amount of time they can drive within a set number of days. Drivers can work up to 60 hours over the course of seven consecutive days or up to 70 hours over eight consecutive days.

To reset these hours, a driver must take an extended break of at least 34 consecutive hours off duty.

If you’ve been injured in a trucking accident involving a possible hours violation, it’s important to contact legal help as soon as possible.


Maintenance regulations are a critical aspect in preventing accidents by ensuring commercial trucks remain safe and functional on the roads. Drivers must perform a thorough inspection before starting their trip to identify any issues or defects that could pose safety risks.

Additionally, trucking companies have an obligation to maintain high standards of care for all vehicles in their fleet – this means regular upkeep and prompt resolution of any issues discovered during these inspections.

Each motor carrier and intermodal equipment provider must systematically inspect, repair, and maintain all commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) under its control. Every employee of a carrier that is directly involved with the inspection and upkeep of vehicles must comply with the rules and regulations of 49 CFR 396.

If an accident occurs and is the result of a maintenance violation, the truck driver and the company can be held liable.

Federal Regulations on Drug and Alcohol Testing for CDL Drivers

Federal regulations mandate strict drug and alcohol testing procedures for all Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) holders to ensure safety on the roads. The following is a breakdown of the key testing requirements:

Pre-Employment Testing

Motor carriers must conduct a pre-employment screening for controlled substances. While alcohol testing at this stage is optional, a negative result for controlled substances is mandatory.

Reasonable Suspicion Testing

When a trained supervisor or employer suspects alcohol or controlled substance use by a driver based on observable behavior, appearance, or actions, reasonable suspicion testing is mandated.

Random Testing

This unannounced gives all CDL holders an equal chance of being tested for alcohol and controlled substances. Notification to the selected drivers is confidential, and upon being notified, drivers must immediately proceed to the testing facility.

Post-Accident Testing

In the unfortunate event of a fatal crash, all involved CDL drivers must undergo drug and alcohol testing. This requirement also extends to drivers cited for moving violations in crashes requiring towing or medical attention offsite. Alcohol testing is required within 8 hours and controlled substances testing within 32 hours following the accident.

Understanding these federal regulations is crucial for protecting your rights and safety on the road. If you’ve been injured in a crash involving a commercial vehicle, knowing these standards can significantly influence the outcome of your case.

If you need help, contact us today to schedule a free consultation.